INDUSTRY INSIGHTS ARCHIVE
We are looking forward to seeing you at the upcoming API Inspection and Mechanical Integrity Summit in San Antonio! Our team is hosting eight training courses covering topics related to fitness-for-service (FFS), suitability-for-service (SFS), aboveground storage tanks (ASTs), brittle fracture, piping vibration, and pressure relief devices (PRDs). Earn valuable CPD hours and sign-up for a course today!
Knowing the fundamentals of industry programs, codes and standards, and technology will prepare new engineers for long-term success. At E2G, we have developed a new training course that supports knowledge transfer between industry experts and junior engineers, plus fills the gap for those companies without a formal training program. This article expands upon the June 16th webinar in which Mark Harmody introduced the curriculum for the Fundamentals of Asset Lifecycle Management course (FALCM).
Authors: Mark Harmody; Joel Andreani
With baby boomers making up the largest portion of today’s workforce, it’s time to implement a corporate knowledge-sharing program. E2G has developed a training program for our engineers and clients that is devoted to mechanical integrity programs and centered around our life-cycle management philosophy. In this article, Mark Harmody discusses the curriculum and how we apply the program at E2G.
The recent changes made to ASCE 7 will have a trickle-down impact on API and ASME codes, plus the International Building Code (IBC). In this article, Derek Slovenec and Joel Andreani discuss the most significant load changes (seismic, wind, tornado, snow, and rain) and the potential impact on ASME and API standards that reference ASCE 7.
Fitness-for-Service (FFS) is a recognized industry practice for assessing equipment mechanical integrity when unanticipated damage is found and can often be used to extend service life while minimizing downtime and avoiding costly repairs. In this article, Katelyn Gustoff and Joel Andreani examine the applicability of using API 579-1/ASME FFS-1 (API 579) FFS and API 653 assessment standards with in-service ASTs.
Author: Bart Smith
Mature storage tanks were typically constructed between 1950 to 1970. As the installation of remote monitoring solutions increases in mature tanks, maintenance personnel must start addressing the best way to make the required change or addition. In this article, Bart Smith explores the history of tank level management and measurement techniques and provides recommendations for updating instrumentation to improve safety and reliability.
Author: Melissa Westbrook
Harsh process conditions, extreme material properties, or limited infrastructure are contributing factors to difficult level applications. By implementing a consistent methodology for difficult level applications, you will achieve high uptime and system reliability. In this article, Melissa Westbrook outlines a simple documentation and methodical analysis to support new or existing instrumentation at your facility.
Aboveground Storage Tank Overfill Prevention – Updated Standards, Regulatory Focus, and E2G Services
Author: Joel L. Andreani, P.E.
This article discusses how the combination of the changes in the fifth edition of API 2350, Overfill Prevention for Atmospheric Storage Tanks in Petroleum Facilities (2020), and the adoption of this standard by various regulatory bodies has put additional requirements for overfill prevention on owners/operators of AST facilities.
Author: Phillip J. Smith
The 5th edition of the ANSI/API Overfill Prevention for Storage Tanks in Petroleum Facilities was recently released. In this article, read about the recent changes to API 2350 and an 11-step procedure that you can apply at your processing facility.
Author: James R. Olson
What is asset criticality and why is it important to your reliability program? This article outlines how to prepare for a criticality assessment, assemble the team, and perform the assessment.
Author: Thomas D. Hess, Jr. P.E.
Incorporate machinery risk management into a mechanical integrity program to prevent loss of containment, equipment failures, and a potential process safety event. This article reviews the risk management methods of API 691 and provides easy-to-follow recommendations.
Mitigating Piping Vibration Risk: Case Studies on Using the Level 1, Level 2, & Level 3 FFS Approach
Presenter: Michael F.P. Bifano
Piping vibration failures are not uncommon in the oil and gas, petrochemical, and chemical processing industries. In this webinar, Dr. Bifano discusses and compares the future API 579 Part 15 method to current industry approaches (ASME OM-3) and uses several case studies to help you identify, evaluate, and mitigate piping vibration.
Authors: Nathan D. Libertowski; Michael F.P. Bifano
Acoustic-induced vibration (AIV) is often more difficult to identify than other vibration mechanisms, such as flow-induced turbulence, slug flow, mechanical excitation from machinery, and acoustic pulsation. This article discusses ways to identify and mitigate AIV at a plant, plus how to proactively prevent AIV using design controls.
High operating temperatures can lead to a variety of damage, including creep. During the SagePlus™ User Group Meeting, Matt S. Schaser shared a case study that estimated the remaining life of heater tubes operating at temperatures in the creep range.
Establishing Fracture Mechanics Based on Minimum Allowable Temperatures for Low-Temperature Applications of ASME B31.3
Authors: Seetha Ramudu Kummari, Ph.D., P.E.; Kraig S. Shipley, P.E.
Although rare, the consequences of brittle fracture are typically catastrophic, and preventing brittle fracture is essential when establishing fixed equipment life-cycle management strategies. This article discusses E2G’s proprietary Level 1 and Level 2 procedures for establishing minimum allowable temperatures (MATs) for low-temperature applications of ASME B31.3 piping.
Author: Joel Andreani
Read a comparison of a reuse project to FFS/SFS, addresses several repurposing questions, and explains the keys to conducting a successful conversion. In addition, be introduced to the upcoming changes to the Equity Engineering Practices (EEPs) that will deliver additional protocol documents to support safe and reliable operations.
Author: Nathaniel G. Sutton
In this article, Nathaniel Sutton examines the different metallurgical issues and corrosion challenges prevalent in the bio-oil and biomass oils markets and introduces several areas of consideration when converting a conventional petroleum processing unit over to renewable feeds.
Author: Brian R. Macejko
Conducting suitability-for-service (SFS) assessments helps owner-operators obtain OSHA compliance for any fixed equipment that lacks documentation. In this article, Brian Macejko highlights E2G’s six-step process, based on API 510 Pressure Vessels, that helps owner-operators comply with OSHA requirements.
Author: Joel Andreani
Learn how applying quantitative RBI principles to storage tanks will result in optimized inspection intervals and reduced risk of loss of containment. This article discusses the difference between qualitative and quantitative tank RBI and how tank RBI is a central part of a facility’s overall tank integrity management program (IMP).
Author: Katelyn J. Gustoff
This article explores applying the API 579-1/ASME FFS-1 (API 579) FFS standard to aboveground storage tanks and shares several case studies to illustrate how FFS techniques can help you make informed run-repair-replace decisions for a facility’s storage tanks.
Author: Joel Andreani
Implementing a mechanical integrity (MI) program at a processing facility is essential for maintaining safe and reliable operations. In this article, Joel Andreani investigates an important subset of an MI program: special emphasis mechanical integrity (SEMI) programs.
Author: James R. Olson
Learn how to support the full life-cycle management of your assets by evolving your MI program to meet changing business and technological requirements. In this article, James Olson will highlight a variety of techniques that will proactively help you and your organization free up both time and resources.
Author: Kraig S. Shipley
A successful turnaround has five main stages: setting goals, project scoping, detailed planning, execution, and post-turnaround planning. This article focuses on the advantages of a problem-solving team to resolve equipment inspection discovery and efficiently minimize lost opportunity costs.
Authors: Paul J. Kowalski; Brian L. Jack
A turnaround can cost hundreds of thousands or even millions of a dollars per day. In this article, you’ll learn how Risk-Based Inspection (RBI) helps to manage the costly impact of turnarounds through proper pre-planning to minimize the overall downtime.
Author: Derek Slovenec
Aboveground storage tanks are susceptible to damage from many factors, including environmental loads, process upset conditions, strength reduction due to metal loss, tank settlement, or some combination thereof. This damage often manifests as buckling of the tank shell, which is thin relative to its large surface area.
Authors: Derek Slovenec; Joel Andreani
Aging or deteriorating structures, foundations, and other infrastructure cost U.S. businesses billions of dollars each year. Problems with structures and foundations are often a result of design flaws, construction defects, deteriorating conditions, extreme environmental events, and/or changes in applied loads.